Infant eczema is a common allergic skin disease with a high incidence. It is more common in children between 2 months and 2 years of age. It occurs on the face and limbs. In severe cases, it spreads to the whole body, showing scattered erythema, pimples and exudates. Crusted with itching. In winter, the weather is dry, windy and strong, the baby's skin is delicate, the stratum corneum is thin, the capillaries are rich, and the adaptability and regulation are weak. Guangzhou Chinese Medicine Hospital, Liu Minyi, attending Chinese physician, said that parents should take good care of their baby's skin, starting from the following aspects.
1. Environmental care:
The room is often cleaned and kept clean and tidy. The windows are regularly ventilated every day to make the air fresh. There are no flowers, no pets, no carpets in the room. Keep a proper temperature and humidity in the room. You can use a humidifier in the winter.
2. Medication care:
According to the baby's eczema, use the medicine in a timely manner, pay attention to the rational use of antibiotics, hormone ointments, and Chinese medicine ointments, and correctly grasp the amount and time of medication.
3. Skin care:
Infants with eczema should avoid skin irritation and excessive cleansing, and avoid long-term exposure to sunlight and ultraviolet rays. In the winter that is already dry, the number of baby showers should be reduced. Avoid using strong alkaline detergents such as soap. Clear water bath time is not more than 5 minutes. The water temperature is controlled at about 37 ° C. Honeysuckle, chrysanthemum, flavescens and other traditional Chinese medicine can be used to bathe appropriately. Moisturizing lotion, tea skin oil can also be used for skin lesions. The use of moisturizing emollients can moisturize the skin, repair the skin barrier function, and reduce itching. Therefore, you should always use a lotion or lotion in winter to keep the skin moisturized and not dandruff. In addition, the baby should choose loose cotton clothing, preferably through the sun, not through tight or chemical fiber and other clothing. Because of itching, children often scratch and scratch their nails, wash their hands frequently, and keep their hands clean.
4. Dietary care:
The diet should be light, and mothers should avoid eating spicy things such as crabs, shrimps, sea fish, and peppers during breastfeeding. When infants add complementary foods, follow the principle of less to more, single to multiple. Each supplementary food needs to be observed for several days, and another one is added without abnormality.
Article source: Guangzhou Daily